Australian Migration

Australian Migration Overview:

There were about 750000 aboriginal people living in Australia before the first Europe settlement in 1788. Today the population of aboriginals in Australia is around 483000, which is 2.3% of the total population. Australia is a nation of immigrants since the day of its establishment and it became an outstanding country because of the immigrants. During the mid-19th century gold rush, an annual average of nearly 50,000 migrants arrived in Australia. In subsequent years, immigrants flocked to Australia, reflecting the prevailing economic and social conditions in Australia and around the world. Most of the early settlers are from Britain and Ireland, and their Anglo-Celtic traditions have formed the basis of the new nation.

After the World War II, millions of Europeans were forced away from their homeland. Meanwhile, Australia was in need of labour, and the people increasingly considered the population growth is related to the country’s future. It is for these reasons and other factors that the Australian Federal Department of Immigration was established in 1945. Since then, although the name of the department was modified several times, it continues to this day.

By 1947, a large and growing number of arrivals set off a tide of immigration, many of those immigrants came through government assisted pathways. Most of these immigrants were from Europe. This is because since the establishment of federal government in 1901 to the early 1970s, Australia implemented the “White Australia Policy”, to restrict immigration from other parts of the world.
By mid-1970s, the restrictions on non-European immigration gradually disintegrated. Since then, Australia introduced a completely non-discriminatory immigration policy. In determining whether the individual is eligible to obtain a visa, their ethnic origin, gender, race and religion are not taken into consideration.

Australian States and Population

State/Territory Population(Million) Capital City Population of Capital City(Million)
New South Wales 6.55 Sydney 4.12
Victoria 4.93 Melbourne 3.59
Queensland 3.90 Brisbane 1.71
Western Australia 1.96 Perth 1.45
South Australia 1.51 Adelaide 1.11
Tasmania 0.48 Hobart 0.20
Australian Capital Territory 0.32 Canberra 0.32
Northern Territory 0.19 Darwin 0.11

(Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics)

Australia has been rated as the world’s most liveable country and has been a popular migration destination for people from various countries. The reasons people choose to migrate to Australia are the variety of rich natural resources, tolerant and peaceful society, the living environment, a high standard of medical benefits, equal employment opportunities, a vibrant business climate, adequate entertainment and leisure choices, beautiful natural environment and advanced education system etc. Australia’s immigration policy is very clear, that is to attract highly aspiring people and encourage family unity, which generally includes general skilled migration, business migration, employer sponsored migration and family reunion. However, Australia’s immigration policy is also ever changing, for example, the fiscal year for each year, the political election tide will have more or less or even enormous impact on immigration policy. Therefore, knowing the latest news, correct interpretation of immigration law, as well as analysis of future trends based on political news are the key factors to follow migration policies.

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